Zionism is the name of the political movement that created the modern State of Israel in 1948. Since then it has come to mean the belief that Jews are a people and that Israel has a right to exist as a Jewish state. Anti-Zionism, conversely, is the belief that Israel should not exist or that the Jewish people do not have a right to national self-determination.

This video produced by Yad Vashem, shows Prof. Anita Shapira, Dr. Dave Rich and Prof. Alvin H. Rosenfeld examining the origins of anti-Zionism, how it has changed following the Holocaust and how it relates to contemporary antisemitism.